Fort Hall, Idaho - Fort Hall Reservation Federal Reservation
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Of the Fort Hall Reservation
P.O. Box 306 Pima Drive Fort Hall, ID 83203
888-297-1378 toll free 208-237-0797 Fax www.sbtribes.com
- Total area 546,500 acres
- Tribally owned 251,890 acres
- Individually owned (BIA realty, 2004) 243,480 acres
- Federal trust (BIA realty, 2004) 32,632.88 acres
- Population (2010 census) 5,767
- Tribal Enrollment (Tribal Enrollment Department, Aug 2015) 5,859
- Total labor force (2009-2013 ACS) 2,527
- High school graduate or higher, (2009-2013 ACS) 7777.6%
- Bachelor's degree or higher (2009-2013 ACS) 11.5%
- Unemployment rate (2009-2013 ACS) 17.6%
- Per capita income (2009-2013 ACS) $16,276
LOCATION AND LAND STATUS
The Fort Hall Reservation is located in the eastern Snake River Plain of southeastern Idaho. It is comprised of lands that lie north and west of the town of Pocatello. The Snake River, Blackfoot River, and the American Falls Reservoir border the reservation on the north and northwest.
The reservation was established by an Executive Order under the terms of the Fort Bridger Treaty of 1868. It originally contained 1.8 million acres, an amount that was reduced to 1.2 million acres in 1872 as a result of a survey error. The reservation was further reduced to its present size through subsequent legislation and the allotment process.
Topography ranges from relatively lush river valleys to rugged foothills and mountains. Elevations vary from 4,400 feet at American Falls Reservoir to nearly 9,000 feet in southern mountain areas.
The nearby town of Pocatello experiences summer temperatures ranging between 68°F and 88°F. Winter temperatures often drop into the low teens. Average rainfall is 11.5 inches per year. The snowy season lasts from September through May, with an average of 43.3 inches annually.
CULTURE AND HISTORY
The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of Fort Hall are comprised of the eastern and western bands of the Northern Shoshone and the Bannock, or Northern Paiute, bands. Ancestral lands of both tribes occupied vast regions of land encompassing present-day Idaho, Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, and into Canada. The tribes are culturally related, and though both descend from the Numic family of the Uto-Aztecan linguistic phylum, their languages are dialectically separate. When the Northern Paiutes left the Nevada and Utah regions for southern Idaho in the 1600s, they began to travel with the Shoshones in pursuit of buffalo. They became known as the Bannocks.
The Tribes generally subsisted as hunters and gatherers, traveling during the spring and summer seasons, collecting foods for use during the winter months. They hunted wild game, fished the region's abundant and bountiful streams and rivers (primarily for salmon), and collected native plants and roots such as the camas bulb. Buffalo served as the most significant source of food and raw material for the tribes. After the introduction of horses during the 1700s, hundreds of Idaho Indians of various tribal affiliations would ride into Montana on cooperative buffalo hunts. The last great hunt of this type occurred in 1864, signaling the end of a traditional way of life.
Fort Hall was established in 1834 as a trading post. It became a way station for settlers traveling along the Oregon and California trails that cut through tribal lands. Relations between the tribes and the Euro-American settlers were strained, at best. In 1863 more than 200 Shoshones were massacred along the Bear River. The attack was led by volunteer soldiers from California, and it was one of the first and largest massacres of Native peoples west of the Mississippi River. In 1864 the government attempted to confine the tribes to a reservation with the Treaty of Soda Springs, but it failed to gain ratification. The Fort Hall Reservation was established for the tribes by an Executive Order in 1867. The 1868 Treaty of Fort Bridger confirmed the agreement. This treaty established both the Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho and the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming. The treaty stipulated the establishment of a separate reservation for the Bannock band, but the promises were breached and the band remained at Fort Hall with the Shoshones. Although the tribes were initially permitted to leave reservation lands for summer hunting and gathering practices, settlers rallied against it, and the Bannock Wars of 1878 ensued. Tribal members participating in the conflict were returned to Fort Hall. The population of the reservation increased when other Northern Shoshone bands were forcibly moved to Fort Hall.
In 1888, the Tribes were forced to cede over 1,800 acres of their 1.2 million acre reservation to accommodate development of the town of Pocatello located nearby. Around the turn of the century, Pocatello had grown so dramatically that the tribes were forced to agree to the cession of an additional 420,000 acres. For this they received approximately $600,000. The bulk of the lands were made available to the public through a land rush, a competition of sorts where individuals and families staked claim on designated lands during a race. On June 17, 1902, 6,000 settlers took part in the "Day of the Run" land rush of the Shoshone-Bannock lands.
The 1887 Dawes Act initiated the allotment of the Fort Hall Reservation. This process was completed by 1914, with over 347,000 acres having been distributed among 1,863 individual land allotments (tribal members) between 1911 and 1913 alone. By the time allotment of the tribal lands was terminated, nearly 36,000 acres had been alienated from Native ownership through sales, Patents in fee or certificates of competency. Surplus lands were ceded to Pocatello or sold to non-Natives, thus creating the checkerboard pattern of land ownership that now exists within the reservation boundaries.
In 1907, the ancestral lands of the Lemhi Band of Shoshones were terminated, and remaining families were relocated to Fort Hall. In 1936, the tribes approved a constitution and bylaws for self-government under the provisions of the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. The tribes ratified a corporate charter in 1937. As of 1992, 96 percent of the Fort Hall Reservation was once again under Indian control, either through federal trust or ownership by individual tribal members.
The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes are organized under the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act, and they operate under a constitution approved on April 30, 1936. The charter was ratified the following year. The Tribes is governed by the Fort Hall Business Council that is comprised of seven members. The council is elected by the general membership for two-year terms. The Council maintains authority over all normal business procedures, including the development of lands and resources and all matters of self-government.
The Tribes operate numerous governmental departments and programs. They include Tribal Administration, Records, Tribal Energy, Department of Public Safety, Public Affairs, Enrollment, Finance, Property Management, Fire, Fish & Wildlife, Fish & Game, Head Start and Early childhood, Land Use, Transportation, Tribal Health, Tribal Employment Rights Ordinance (TERO), Tribal Planning, Water Resources, Solid Waste, among others.
In 2011, the Tribe consolidated education, employment and training (EET), Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), vocational rehabilitation, and the community access programs (social services) into a new Human Development Division. These offices are located in the west wing of the Tribal Business Center in Fort Hall.
The Tribes maintain their own judicial system and a Tribal Courts system, Tribal Prosecutors office and police department. The federal government maintains authority over crimes that fall under the Major Crimes Act. The Tribes share jurisdiction over such matters. The State of Idaho exercises jurisdiction under PL-280 over civil and criminal matters on the reservation, such as truancy, juvenile delinquency, child welfare, matters of mental illness, public assistance, domestic relations, and matters involving Motor vehicles. The Tribes maintain jurisdiction over issues of personal property, water rights, ownership of property, treaty rights, and tribal land rights.
In 2010, the Police Department, Tribal Courts, Fish & Game Division and Corrections moved into a new justice center building. The facilities include both adult and youth offender detention space and storage space for evidence and records. The dispatch office works with all law enforcement and Department of Public Safety for all services in addition to ambulance and Fish & Game officers.
In 2015, the Tribes will begin operating their own Title IV-D Child Support Services Program. The program will offer services to Tribal members and members of other federally-recognized tribes who meet the Tribes’ jurisdiction criteria. According to the Administration and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement Agency, “more than 50 tribes operate tribal child support programs, providing services to Native American families consistent with tribal values and cultures.” The Tribes’ Child Support Program will offer services to locate custodial and noncustodial parents, establish legal fatherhood (paternity), establish child support orders, enforce orders, and assist with intergovernmental child support cases.
The Tribal Government is supported in large part from revenue earned from leasing agricultural lands and from gaming. Right-of-way agreements also contribute to the general fund. Another large portion of revenue is earned through various imposed taxes.
Economic Development - An Economic Development plan is being developed through a Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS) by the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes and the Economic Development Administration (EDA). Its mission is to prioritize projects that the Tribes and the EDA may invest in. In part to making sustainable economic projects successful are the counts available in the education and the skills in the workforce. Generalizing, the American Fact Finder estimates that 25,763 American Indian population 16 years and over are in the employment status; 15,280 population in the labor force and 2,032 unemployed. It states, the estimated margin of error range from a plus or minus 644 to a low 253 in the data. In retrospect, the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Labor Market information on Indian Labor Force states: 4, 796 Tribal enrollment; 5,845 tribal enrollment as of March 31, 2015 an increase of 21.9% from 2005 from the Bureau of Indian Affairs labor Market information. Total residence 13,547; Number under age 16 is 3,126 total; Number age 16 years older to 64 years old are 9,367; Number over age 64 is 1,054; Population not available for work is 828. Sources for this collecting data are from actual counts and Bureau of Indian Affairs and the American Community Survey.
Economic Development projects include agricultural expansion; a Lube Oil venture; Casino development; and host of other developments that remain to be approved by the Tribal Business Council. The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes recently became a partner in an Tribal organization called Coalition of Large Tribes (COLT), which aims to boost economic development through engagement with other large Tribes including the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara Nation (MHA), the Oglala Sioux Tribe, the Crow Tribe, the Navajo Nation, the Blackfeet Tribe of Montana to name of a few. COLT was organized to provide a unified advocacy base for Tribes that govern large trust land bases and that strive to ensure the most beneficial use of those lands for the Tribes and individual land owners.
The reorganization of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes' Economic Development Department resulted in the creation of the tribal planning department. The primary goal of the planning department is to develop revisions to the tribe's comprehensive plan, which was first adopted in 1976. Other goals include providing technical support to tribal government departments, promoting economic development, and providing services to tribal members.
SHOSHONE-BANNOCK TRIBAL ENTERPRISES
Trading Post Grocery
An oasis for travelers headed through Southeastern Idaho; the Trading Post Grocery store welcomes all people to this new 10,000 square foot store. The location offers a full line of fresh meats, delicious fruits and veggies, baked goods, and hot deli items - you’ll be sure to find what you need to refuel and refresh. Our bakery specializes in custom cakes and deserts for any occasion.
Our experienced and friendly staff can help you select something new and healthy - like a flavorful buffalo steak that’s not only free-range and sustainable, but is also locally provided by the Shoshone-Bannock Buffalo Enterprise. Trading Post Grocery bison products include ground burger, patties, select steak cuts, and jerky. Nothing makes a burger better than buffalo; it’s leaner and more savory – all while being packed with more vitamins and protein than beef.
This tribally owned location also boasts a large selection of tobacco products including cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco and imported tobacco – all at Reservation prices. Proudly owned by the members of the Tribes, the Trading Post has been helping travelers find great food and supplies since 1978. Store hours Monday through Saturday are 7 a.m. to 9 p.m., and on Sunday 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. (Located off I-15, Exit 80, Fort Hall, Idaho)
Donzia Gift Shop
Are you looking for an authentic piece of history and culture for the journey? Look no further than Donzia Gift Shop, located inside the Shoshone-Bannock Hotel. This tribally owned location offers some of the finest Native American beadwork in the world - from dazzling moccasins to vibrant bolo ties.
The artists of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes are considered to be the finest bead-workers in North America, and their masterpieces truly showcase this talent. Great pride and care goes into each genuine item - from the use of locally produced traditional tanned hides to authentic design. The name Donzia in the Shoshone language means flower and was given the name by the Tribal community.
The uniquely crafted work includes moccasins, coin purses, cell phone holders, credit card holders, medallions, hatbands, necklaces, earrings and much more. The Donzia Gift Shop also carries many other collectible products - from jewelry and buffalo robes to Pendleton products. Located off I-15, Exit 80, Fort Hall, Idaho.
No journey is complete without somewhere to refuel, and there’s nowhere better than our large travel center right off I-15. Boasting high-performance Phillips 66 fuel, this station offers competitive pricing for both diesel and unleaded at all 13 islands. The spacious parking for trucks and RVs, the showers, and the lounge make this a perfect pit stop along the road.
Travelers can enjoy meals from the grill and deli, serving everything from hearty breakfasts to local buffalo burgers. This tribally owned location carries a full line of Reservation priced tobacco products, refreshing drinks, delicious coffee, and a multitude of snacks. Hours include 24-hour fuel and convenience store service. (Located off I-15, Exit 80, Fort Hall, Idaho)
Sage Hill Travel Center & Casino
The newest addition to the Tribal Enterprises family, Sage Hill Travel Center & Casino opened in 2009. This state of the art facility offers a spacious fueling area for both gas and diesel as well as ample parking for trucks and RVs. Truckers can enjoy the spacious lounge and shower facilities, laundry access, and complimentary WIFI.
All the brands you love and trust are here, from chips and treats to refreshing drinks and coffee. The convenience store offers a full selection of tobacco products, all at Reservation prices. The adjoining casino offers excitement and a break from the road, go ahead and try your luck.
Ready for a fresh prepared meal? The BoHoGoi Café specializes in creating scrumptious breakfast and delicious meals, like hearty buffalo stew and fry bread. Café hours are Sunday to Thursday from 7 a.m. to 9 p.m. and Friday and Saturday from 7 a.m. to 11 p.m. The convenience store is open 24 hours a day. (Located off I-15, Exit 89, South of Blackfoot, Idaho)
Bannock Peak Truck Stop
Headed west? Bannock Peak Truck Stop serves travelers on I-86, just west of Pocatello. Carrying high-performance Phillips 66 fuel, this station offers competitive pricing for both diesel and unleaded at all 8 islands. Customers have easy access from the interstate and ample parking for trucks and RVs.
You’ll find all of your favorite brands, from chips and treats - to refreshing drinks and coffee. The tribally owned location provides a full selection of tobacco products at Reservation prices, as well as hot deli meals that are perfect for those ready to hit the road quickly. Or if you have a bit of time, try your luck at the adjoining casino, which offers excitement and a break from the road. Hours are 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. (Located off I-86, Exit 52, Arbon Valley, Idaho)
Shoshone-Bannock Buffalo Enterprises
The Shoshone-Bannock Tribal Bison herd was established in 1966 with 21 buffalo acquired from the Theodore Roosevelt National Park in North Dakota. The current herd ranges from 300 to 400 head and are decedents of this start. The buffalo herd grazes on the bluffs of the Fort Hall Bottoms and the Cedars areas. The Tribes use the buffalo for ceremonies and local functions, such as the traditional community feast for the annual Shoshone-Bannock Festival. Select animals from the herd are chosen to provide high quality products to the public in a sustainable manner.
Look no further than Trading Post Grocery to pick up select cuts of free-range, local buffalo – from ground to steak. Or if you want to dine out you can find this select product at the Shoshone-Bannock Hotel, Sage Hill Travel Center, TP Gas, or at the Buffalo Horn Grill inside the Fort Hall Casino. For that on-the-go experience be sure to pick up a bag or two of the lean jerky, available at all Tribal Enterprise locations.
Would you like to find a stunning piece of heritage for your home? The Buffalo Enterprises offers high quality buffalo robes and skulls on a limited basis. These fine products can be found at the Donzia Gift Shop or can be ordered direct by calling (208) 251-8397.
The Fish and Wildlife Department employs 16 biologists and 18 permanent technicians to oversee natural resource management on all reservation lands. The Tribe operates a fish hatchery at Crystal Springs and raises two fish species currently on the Endangered Species List, Snake River Chinook Salmon and the Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout. Through a Memorandum of Agreement with federal government agencies, the tribe has accepted responsibility for restoration of these and other species to streams and creeks throughout the Salmon and Upper Snake River sub-basins. These initiatives are aligned with goals set forth in the greater Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. Other activities include restoration of habitat with strict water quality standards and mitigation of shoreline degradation.
Gaming Facilities at the Fort Hall Casino, located in Fort Hall just off interstate Highway 15, have expanded to include the Shoshone-Bannock Hotel and Event Center. The hotel has 156 guest rooms, and the event center has 15,000 square feet of conference/meeting space available for weddings, tribal dinners and events, trade shows or other business events. There are eateries located at the hotel, Camas Sports Grill, and Dika Ghani Deli, and a full-service Cedar Spa. The Tribes also owns and operates the Buffalo Meadows RV Park within walking distance of the casino and hotel.
A second gaming enterprise, the Bannock Peak Casino, is located just off Interstate Highway 86 in Arbon Valley, west of Pocatello, Idaho. The Tribes have also built a truck stop just south of the town of Blackfoot, Idaho, called the Sage Hill Travel Center and Casino. The truck stop features 100 gaming machines, showers, convenience store and gas station, and the Bohogoi Café.
The Buffalo Horn Grill Restaurant serves buffalo stew, Indian tacos, and Indian fry bread in addition to traditional Euro-American foods. The Tribes maintain a number of other types of businesses on the reservation.
Services and Retail
The Corner Mercantile, located within the historic Fort Hall town site is locally owned and operated by a Tribal family. The store offers seed beads, cut beads, and traditionally tanned buckskin and antiquities. It also sells handmade crafts, items for regalia, paintings, antique photographs, postcards, and American Indian music CD’s.
Media and Communications
The Tribes publish the Sho-Ban News, a weekly newspaper distributed nationwide and in several countries. The paper features local, tribal and state happenings as well as national news affecting Indian Country. Sho-Ban news circulation is 1,800 copies published every Thursday; however the annual Festival edition and magazine printed in August has 2,750 copies distributed. The newspaper aims to cover the news important to the Tribal community in a fair, accountable and ethical manner. The newspaper has an active Facebook page that also posts daily news with a growing fan base of 2,000 plus members.
Another form of communication is the Public Affairs office. The Fort Hall Business Council (FHBC) created the public affairs position in 2009 in response to growing concerns about inaccurate information in the media about the Tribes. The Public Affairs Office is the Tribes’ first point of contact for all external media inquiries. Public affairs works closely with all media to coordinate interviews provide background information and ensure that the tribes' positions are accurately represented in the media. The public affairs office works closely with all tribal government departments, the FHBC, Tribal Attorneys office and the Executive office to assure clear communication and coordinates the Tribes governmental affairs activities for both the state and federal level. To contact the tribes Public Affairs office email firstname.lastname@example.org
The Tribal government has an external website, www.sbtribes.com that provides the general public with information on the growing Tribal government sector. The Tribes has over forty plus governmental departments that is overseen by the Executive Directors office. The responsibilities of the Executive Directors office includes overseeing and helping achieve efficiencies in the Tribes government department and promotes the economic successes of the Tribes; improving communication, resolving problems and issues within the Tribal government and most importantly to improve services to the Tribal membership.
Tourism and Recreation
The Tribes own the Shoshone-Bannock Tribal Museum, located off I-15 across the new Hotel & Event Center. The museum was initially opened in 1985 but closed for a number of years. It later reopened in 1993 with the assistance of volunteers and employs one full time Museum manager. The museum houses historical photos and artifacts donated by community members and private donors. The gift shop offers a limited supply of hand-made beaded items and buckskin crafts as well as books, posters, CD’s and calendars.
The Tribes host the largest outdoor powwow in Idaho called the Shoshone-Bannock Festival every 2nd weekend of August. Activities include a 3-day powwow, an art show, a Children’s powwow, two rodeo events, children's traditional games, a cultural pageant competition, traditional hand games, an NIAA softball tourney, a traditional feast, two parades and over 100 arts & crafts vendors selling authentic American Indian goods. The Sho-Ban Golf Classic is held during the festival, as is the RMRIRA Rodeo. The tribes also host the Fort Bridger Treaty Day on July 3rd to recognize the signing of the Fort Bridger Treaty of 1868.
Fort Hall Bottoms
A premier hunting and fishing destination. In addition to vast populations of fish, there are moose, deer, wild horses, and buffalo in the area. The ecosystem at the Bottoms was in grave danger due to loss of vegetation, erosion of stream banks, warmer water temperature, and siltation in spawning gravels brought on by unrestricted grazing and rapid flooding. Restoration efforts have successfully revitalized the natural resources in this area. Fishing is permitted at the Bottoms with limited permits and adherence to strict regulations set forth by the Tribes.
There are also historical sites of great interest on the reservation: the Old Fort Hall Monument at the original trading post site, the Oregon Trail and in addition the Lincoln Creek Day School and Railroad Depot, both are listed on the Register of Historic Places.
The Shoshone Bannock Tribes Energy Resources Management Program is responsible for overseeing Energy on the Fort Hall Reservation. This program holds responsibility for Utility Transmission Right of Ways on Tribal lands, along with the management and development of Tribal Utilities and Energy Resource Projects. The Energy Resource Management Program is responsible for identifying and developing Clean Renewable Energy projects that protect our water and natural resources and work together with our Mother Earth, while creating sustainable economies that support sovereignty and self-sufficiency.
Infrastructure - Interstate 15 crosses the reservation north-south, while Interstate 86 crosses in an east-west direction and Highway 91 in a north-south direction. The reservation is also crossed by the main line of the Union Pacific Railroad and a north-south line connecting to Montana and Utah.
The Pocatello Airport is located within the reservation land that was alienated under the World War Two Powers Act, provides an all-weather instrument-certified runway for large commercial aircrafts.
Electricity is provided by Idaho Power Company and Rocky Mountain Power and natural gas is supplied by Intermountain Gas Company.
Waste Water Supply - The Shoshone-Bannock Tribal Utilities supplies sewer service in the form of a large lagoon with land application located north of the Fort Hall town site. All other areas rural to the Fort Hall town site have individual septic systems to treat their wastewater.
Water Supply - Because of agricultural chemical contamination on much of the reservation's groundwater, a domestic water supply system is being constructed to serve the core area of the reservation. The Shoshone-Bannock Tribal Utilities manages the municipal system to supply safe drinking water to impacted residents. Outlying residents rely on private wells for water.
Transportation - The Tribes are contracted with the BIA for road maintenance on the Fort Hall Reservation and also have contracted directly with the Federal Highway Administration (FHA) for construction and administrative services. The Transportation department also includes planning and construction services. The Tribes maintain a number of school bus routes to transport students within the public school system. One of the main responsibilities for the Transportation Department is to keep school bus routes clear for safe travels, especially in the winter season. Commercial air service is available at the Pocatello Municipal Airport on the reservation. Commercial bus lines also serve the reservation directly, as do the Union Pacific Railroad and numerous truck lines.
In 2011, the Tribes initiated a public transit service covering the five districts within the Fort Hall Reservation. This service runs regular routes Monday through Friday from 8:00AM to 6:00PM but can also respond to customer requests for service with advance notice. During the last fiscal year, 14,000 riders used the transit with over 120,000 miles logged.
Telecommunications - A site on Ferry Butte, north of Fort Hall, commanding a 50-mile radius, is leased out to communications service providers and is used for police, fire, and public safety communication towers.
COMMUNITY FACILITIES AND SERVICES
The Tribes maintain the Human Resource and Development Center, a Tribal Business Center, and a multipurpose community center for various tribal activities and meetings. The Recreation Department manages the community center facility and coordinates boys' and girls' clubs at the site. There is exercise equipment available to all tribal members and outdoor play equipment for the community youth.
Education - Students attend schools on the reservation that are operated under the tribal school district. A new high school was built in 1992 called the Shoshone-Bannock Jr/Sr high school that caters to grades 6-12th. In 2012, the Tribes were finalizing plans for the Chief Tahgee Elementary Academy, a public charter school and only language immersion school in the state of Idaho. CTEA caters to kindergarten to sixth grade.
Health Care - The Fort Hall Indian Health Service (I.H.S) and Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Tribal Health and Human Services (THHS) department have been jointly accredited through the Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care, Inc. (AAAHC) since 2000. Nationally, they are the only federally and tribally operated health care systems jointly accredited through AAAHC. This is a unique and admirable accomplishment!
The Not-Tsoo Gah-Nee Health Center is located on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation. Direct ambulatory health care and services are provided to members of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes and other eligible federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Natives. This includes medical, nursing, pharmacy, dental, optometry, radiology, lab services, including referrals to the Tribes’ Purchased and Referred Care Program for specialty care. The facility serves over 19,000 registered patients in our system and we have over 8,000 active patients with approximately 53,000 visits per year. The clinic is staffed with 4 Clinic Physicians, 1 Physician Assistant, 3 Registered Nurses, 2 licensed Practical Nurses, 1 Certified Nurse Assistant, 3 Pharmacists, 1 Certified Pharmacy Technician, 2 Dentists, 3 Dental Assistants, 1 Dental Hygienist, 1 Optometrist, 1 Radiology Technician, 2 Medical Technologists and 1 Medical Technician; with 47 full-time employees.
Cultural Preservation - The Tribes have a new Language and Culture Department that oversees the protection of cultural heritage sites on the reservation. They coordinate their efforts with all tribal economic development initiatives in cooperation with other federal, state, and private entities to conduct site surveys and monitoring. They also host language-oriented programs and cultural events throughout the year, on and off the reservation. The Tribes conduct the Shoshone-Bannock Festival annually in August in Fort Hall and participate in a reunion of all Shoshonean/Numic speaking tribes each year at various locations throughout the west.
In 2012, the Language and Cultural Heritage Department initiated an ongoing holistic language preservation project and are collecting oral histories from tribal elders which are then transcribed and translated into written documents and preserved as audio archives. They are also developing language curricula for school classrooms and teach language classes on a regular basis.
The Tribes also have a Cultural Resources/Heritage Tribal Office (HeTO) which is funded by the Department of Energy. The Cultural Resources/HeTO Office represents the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes in the oversight of the Department of Energy-Idaho National Laboratory. The Cultural Resources office was established in 1992 and is a core program of the T/DOE Department. This department is designed to protect and preserve the integrity of cultural resources that exist within the inherent territories which has historically and presently used by the Shoshone and Bannock people.
The CR/HeTO Office also coordinates with other federal, state and private agencies with regard to protection of Tribal cultural resources. This office oversees the cultural resources projects on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation and provides archaeological surveys for Tribal departments that have projects which require ground disturbance. The CR/HeTO staff also participates in archaeological surveys in coordination with federal agencies on federal lands. This office is directly involved with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) and Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA) projects and is the main contact for the Tribes.
Many of the Tribes' programs work in concert to assure environmental protections are in place. They conduct regular water quality sampling at reservation springs and wells and monitor air quality in addition to overseeing cleanup of the Michaud Superfund site. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Inspector General (OIG) reported that there are 602 hazardous waste sites impacting Indian lands, including 55 sites listed on the EPA’s National Priority List impacting 50 Indian reservations. The abandoned FMC Phosphorus facility is one of the superfund sites that occupy more than 1,000 acres of the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Fort Hall Reservation that is full of arsenic, elemental phosphorus and gamma radiation which is poisoning our water, threatening the health and safety of our people, animals and the environment.
- http://www.shobangaming.com/bannock-peak.php http://www.shobangaming.com/sage-hill.php
- http://www.shobangaming.com/dining.php http://www.shobanhotel.com/rooms.php
- http://www.sbtribes.com/documents/pressreleases/wellnesscenter.pdf http://www.shoshonebannocktribes.com/health-and-wellness.html
Photos submitted by the Shoshone-Bannock Public Affairs office, 2015
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