The Shoshone-Bannock Tribal Court has original jurisdiction for all civil and criminal matters arising within the exterior boundaries of the Fort Hall Reservation as established by the Tribal Law & Order Code (adopted in 1980), numerous ordinances of the tribes subsequently enacted, and some treaty-related matters outside the reservation.
Tribal Courts is comprised of approximately 30 employees including a chief judge, two associate judges, a contracted special judge and three appellate judges, and 20 support staff including clerks, prosecutors, public defenders, probation officers, a consumer advocate, a process server, administrative assistants, and a court administrator. The Tribal Court maintains Tribal Bar membership for attorneys and advocates who are authorized to practice in court.
The Tribal Court recently moved into the newly-opened Justice Center. It is a state-of-the-art facility that enables the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes to provide modern, efficient, and friendly court services to Tribal members and other court patrons. The building has three courtrooms to allow multiple proceedings with two jury deliberation rooms. The building has separate office areas for prosecutors and defenders and private meeting space for clients, as well as witnesses and the press. The storage and control of records and documents is also significantly improved, thanks to centralization and storage rooms built specifically to control and protect documents.