The goal of Corrections is to be established as a regional detention facility by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, to enable maximum bed space to be utilized within the facility and to offset costs to build and operate the center.
Security and population segregation are primary concerns of Corrections, and the adult and juvenile portions of the building are self-contained and separated.
The juvenile portion of the building has a dedicated outdoor recreation area for juveniles. Juvenile Corrections also has a medical examination room, a classroom, dayrooms, office space, and a multiple-purpose room for use as a classroom. Additional facilities for things such as laundry are combined, since large laundry items are shuttled to and from the adult detention area. For small loads, there will be a 96-square-foot laundry room in the juvenile area for personal items. Meals are also brought from the adult kitchen.
Because the Juvenile Services Center has multiple purposes, only one of which is detention, the space is fully integrated with the delivery of educational, therapeutic, and social services. The facility allows the Tribes to implement interventions to address core problems, as well as to shelter juveniles who need to be provided protective custody or a similar arrangement.
The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes are in the process of implementing a program titled “Tribal Transformations,” in their new Juvenile Corrections Facility, which opened August 10. The goal of Tribal Transformations is to bring healing to incarcerated and at-risk youth as well as to foster a positive and nurturing circle of support from families and the community.
The Tribal Transformations program is intended to increase the success of juvenile offenders returning to the community following placement within the Juvenile Corrections Facility by providing a seamless network of services in the community to address some of the most critical needs confronting youth going through the tribal juvenile justice system: mental health, substance abuse, and gang involvement. Tribal Transformations pursues its goals and objectives through collaboration with the tribal courts, probation, detention, police, mental health and substance abuse treatment center as well as the State of Idaho and the Idaho Juvenile Justice Commission. Tribal Transformations was also fortunate to be awarded a $400,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) in October 2010.
The design of the Tribal Transformations program is based on best practice approaches to juvenile justice: assessment, individualized treatment, evidence-based programming, and community-based services. Juveniles enter the program upon booking into the tribal detention center. All juveniles housed in the detention center for more the 24 hours are assessed using validated instruments. Clinical interviews are then conducted by trained personnel within the Tribal Health Department.
After the initial assessments have been completed, a screening team develops a treatment plan. The screening team is comprised of a juvenile justice social worker, the youth drug/alcohol counselor (position currently being advertised), the juvenile probation officer, parents or guardians, and others as appropriate (i.e. education, vocational rehabilitation, housing, etc.). Treatment plans are referred to the court to be considered during disposition.
Once the court approves a treatment plan, juvenile offenders begin participation in the Tribal Transformations programs. Options offered under Tribal Transformations include:
- Motivational Interviewing;
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy;
- Individual Counseling;
- Girls Circle and Boys Council groups;
- Anti-Gang Education Program; and
- Warrior Down cultural awareness program.
The Tribal Transformations program plays a critical role in the tribes’ community justice plan by serving as a hub to implement validated assessment instruments, convene stakeholders, develop treatment plans and initiate programming in the detention center than can be continued in the community. This supports the web of services ensuring the safety of the tribal community including community policing, substance abuse treatment, and gang related crimes. The Tribal Transformations program provides a central location for service providers and community members to find services and resources. Police officers engaging community policing techniques and strategies are able to refer community members to the program as well as support accountability of juvenile offenders in the completion of programming.
Tribal Transformations is a collaborative project involving multiple systems within the tribes and state. The Idaho Department of Juvenile Corrections is partnering with the Tribe to support the juvenile justice social worker for purposes of screening juveniles entering the detention facility, making referrals to community services, and training staff.
The program is overseen by the Juvenile Correctional Administrator Juanita Devinney, who serves as the Tribal Transformations Program Manager.
Key partners for Tribal Transformations include Tribal Court, Probation, Health, Counseling and Family Services, Four Directions Treatment Center (Substance Abuse Treatment), Fort Hall Business Council, and Tribal Elders.
The Idaho Department of Juvenile Corrections is providing $35,000 of general fund resources in FY2011 for the program and intends to continue support a portion of the Juvenile Justice Social Worker position based on state appropriations.
The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes have invested tribal funds to support strategic planning for the implementation of a gang prevention, education and intervention program tailored to the specific needs of the Fort Hall Community. Last year, the tribes’ contracted the services of Second Chance Grace, a 501(c)3 non-profit organization to develop an anti-gang program for at-risk youth and young adults in the community. Second Chance Grace assisted the tribes in developing an anti-gang strategic plan with curriculum, and began offering community workshops and mentoring at-risk and incarcerated youth through the tribes’ Four Directions Treatment Center.
The tribes’ are currently advertising for a Certified Addictions Counselor/Technician position to provide direct chemical dependency treatment services at the Tribal Justice Center under the OJJDP grant. The counselor will support the activities of the juvenile justice social worker and will provide the following primary core functions of an addictions counselor including screening, intake, assessment, orientation, treatment planning, counseling, case management, crisis intervention, client education, referral, report and record keeping.
Adult Corrections has space for up to 80 inmates, which allows for growth of the reservation population and ensures the facility is sized for future needs. Adult Corrections includes an outdoor exercise area that is essentially an enclosed courtyard within the building. The jail space includes single-unit holding cells, space for detoxification and suicide watch inmates, and group holding units. Laundry and kitchen facilities are part of the design, and the jail has the capacity to host visitors in a secure arrangement.
Significantly, the jail also includes space for a sweat lodge. The sweat lodge is an important part of integrating a culturally appropriate environment into the facility with the understanding that those incarcerated will be returning to the community.